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Land Mammals

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We have twenty-four native land mammal species living in England today. We used to have more, but some mammals like the wolf, lynx, buffalo and wildcat have become extinct in this country.

The natural environment of this country is actually well-suited to mammals and this is why so many other species of mammal that have been introduced to our country do rather well here. These introduced species include: house mice, black rats, brown rats, hares, common rabbits, fallow deer and more recently the Sica and Muntjack Deer, the American Grey Squirrel and the Mink.

Our native mammals form a group of varied creatures which provoke great affection in children and adults alike. As well as the Hazel Dormouse, we have three other mice. We also have three species of shrew, three species of vole and two native deer: the Roe Deer and the Red Deer. We have the Badger, the Red Fox, the Hedgehog, the Red Squirrel, the Weasel, the Stoat, the Polecat, the Pine Marten, the Mole and the Otter. Not forgetting of course our native Wild Boar and European Beavers which were both extinct in this country, but have now been reintroduced in the wild.

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Badger

Badger

The Badger is a very shy mammal that can be found throughout the country on farmland, in meadows, on the edges of woodlands and on grassland that is regularly cut. It is

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Beaver (European)

Beaver (European)

The European Beaver is a mammal that was hunted to extinction in England, mainly for its fur, and had not been part of the English countryside for over 500 years. Howeve

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Deer (Red)

Deer (Red)

The Red Deer, like the Roe Deer, is native to England and can be found in the Lake District, Exmoor, Norfolk and the New Forest. It is a large mammal that has a reddish

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Deer (Roe)

Deer (Roe)

The Roe Deer, like the Red Deer, is native to England and can be found in most parts of England apart from the Midlands and the south-east. It is a stocky-looking mammal

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Dormouse (Hazel)

Dormouse (Hazel)

The Hazel Dormouse is also known as the Dormouse or the Common Dormouse and can mainly be found in the south of England in woodlands. It is a secretive mammal that sleep

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Fox (Red)

Fox (Red)

The Red Fox is a shy mammal that looks almost dog-like and it can be seen throughout the country on farmlands, moors, in woodlands and in towns and cities. It is a membe

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Hedgehog

Hedgehog

The Hedgehog is one of our most popular mammals that can be found throughout England in gardens, parks, woodlands and fields. It can easily be recognised because it h

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Mole

Mole

The Mole is a small mammal that is also known as the ‘little gentleman in black’. It is very rarely seen, but its molehills are a familiar sight in meadows, grasslan

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Mouse (Harvest)

Mouse (Harvest)

The Harvest Mouse is the smallest rodent in England and can mainly be found in the centre and the south of England. It can be found in wheat fields, but it is more likel

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Mouse (Wood)

Mouse (Wood)

The Wood Mouse is a small mammal that can be found throughout England mainly in woodlands, but it can also be found in scrubland, hedgerows and gardens. In winter it vis

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Mouse (Yellow-necked)

Mouse (Yellow-necked)

The Yellow-necked Mouse is a small mammal mainly found in deciduous woodlands in the south of England and in the Cotswolds. Sometimes it can be found in orchards, hedger

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Otter

Otter

The Otter is a shy and secretive marine mammal that can mainly be seen in the south west of England, as well as in some areas of the north east and the south east. It sp

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Pine Marten

Pine Marten

The Pine Marten is a secretive and rare mammal that can only be found in the Lake District and in some parts of the east and south east of England in woodlands. It is a

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Polecat

Polecat

The Polecat is a secretive and rare mammal that can only be found in the West Midlands, the Lake District and in a few parts of the north and the south of England. It ca

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Shrew (Common)

Shrew (Common)

The Common Shrew is a small furry mammal that is widespread and very common in most parts of mainland England. It lives in a variety of habitats such as woodlands, grass

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Shrew (Pygmy)

Shrew (Pygmy)

The Pygmy Shrew is believed to be the smallest mammal in England. It can be found in a variety of places such as woodlands, meadows, heathland, moors, hedgerows and road

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Shrew (Water)

Shrew (Water)

The Water Shrew is a semi-aquatic mammal with red-tipped teeth and can be found throughout England. It is equally at home on dry land as it is in water, but it does pref

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Squirrel (Red)

Squirrel (Red)

The Red Squirrel is native to England and can only be found in isolated places such as Thetford Forest in Norfolk, Furzey Islands in Pool Harbour, Northumberland, Cumbri

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Stoat

Stoat

The Stoat is a curious and active mammal found throughout the country on farmlands, woodlands, marshes and moors. It is a member of the Weasel family and is sometimes kn

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Vole (Bank)

Vole (Bank)

The Bank Vole is an almost mouse-like mammal that is also known as the Common Vole. It can be found throughout England in woodlands, grassland, hedgerows and in scrub ha

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Vole (Field)

Vole (Field)

The Field Vole is a plump mouse-like mammal and because of its appearance it is also referred to as the Meadow Mouse. It is also known as the Meadow Vole and the Short

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Vole (Water)

Vole (Water)

The Water Vole is a small, semi-aquatic mammal with large orange teeth and is also known as the European Water Vole. It is also called the ‘water rat’ because people

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Weasel

Weasel

The Weasel is a shy and active mammal that is also known as the Least Weasel. It can be found throughout England in fields, meadows, farmland, moors and on the outskirts

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Wild Boar

Wild Boar

The Wild Boar is an ancestor of the domesticated pig and became extinct in England in the seventeenth century. Nowadays around a hundred Wild Boar can be seen living wi

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